About Peru

GENERAL INFORMATION OF PERU

Time: it has the standard east hour (GMT – 5).

Electricity: 220 volts, 60 cycles, except in Arequipa that is 50 cycles.

Shipment rates: The international flights starting from Lima are burdened with US$28, the international flights from Cusco and Tacna are burdened with US$10, the tax for national flights is US$4 except in Ica which is of US$5.

Documents: USA, Canada and many of the western European citizens need just the Passport that is been worth until for 6 months from their arrival. Citizens of other parts need Visa that can be obtained in the Peruvian embassy in those Countries. Vaccine certificate against the yellow fever is required for people that enter in the Forest. Health: The suggested vaccines are against the tetanus, The Typhoid, Hepatitis A and Yellow Fever. You can take Diamox to prevent the wrong of height and antibiotics as the Ciproflaxen for digestive problems. To have some trip insurance is advisable.

Weather: In the arid coast there are little rain but this is covered with thick clouds the most part of the year, from January to March the Weather is sunny and hot. In the Andes, the dry station is from April to near October, the days are clear and sunny and for the afternoons and nights you can feel cold and even feel the freezes. During the humid season the temperature is moderate and very temperate but many roads they are muddy to be able to walk and the mountainous roads can be closed, however there are many opportunities during this time when there are few tourists. In the Amazonia, the stations are similar that in the Andes.

EVENTS

Many of the main parties and celebrations are based on religious parties. These often are very famous, especially in the Andean high regions where people usually meet in a agricultural parties. Some of the biggest events are: Carnival (February – March) that particularly are very popular in the Andean high areas; Inti Raymi (June 24th), the Cusco’s most important party, where personafies the Inca with spectacular dances and parade with very showy suits; The Independence of the Peru (July 28th), in this day the Peruvians celebrate with big parades in the main avenues of the different regions of the Peru; Anniversary of Arequipa (August 15th), civic-religious Festivities that last one week with different artistic and cultural activities, bull fights, sport activities and artificial fires and the great one Friendship corsican for the different streets of the historical center of Arequipa; Party of all Saints ( November 2th), famous people with gifts of food, drink and flowers to the tombs of their respective families; and Day of Puno (November 5th), where the whole population dances to the compass of pan-pipes and “bombos”

CURRENCY

The official currency of the Peru is El nuevo Sol (S /.) divided in 100 cents. It circulates in currencies of 50 cents, 1, 2 and 5 nuevos soles and in notes of S / .10, 20, 50, 100 and 200. The easiest currency to exchange is the American dollars, the Euros and the travelers Check, other currencies are only collapsible in the biggest cities, The money can be changed in the banks, houses of change, hotels first class or hotels that offer guarantees in its demurrage. The VISA card is the broadly accepted credit card, but the credit cards attract 6% commission unless you are using it cash for a retirement of money (in the Peruvian money) of a bank.

LANGUAGE

Spanish: 80,3%
Quechua: 16,2%
Other languages: 3,0%

As part of their cultural wealth, in Peru coexist a multitude of native languages. Although Spanish is the language of common use, the Quechua is an important inheritance of the Inca past and in many regions of the country it is still spoken with slight variants according to the area. Also, there are other dialects like the aymara (Puno) and diverse amazon languages that are distributed in a surprising variety of families of those that, still in these days, they survive near 15 linguistic trunks, giving place to 38 different languages.

POPULATION

Population: 25.662.000 habitants.
Urban: 72,3%
Rural: 27,7%

Peru is a country of all bloods. Through their history, the Peru has been the point of encounter of different races and cultures. To the native population were added, near 500 years ago, the Spaniards. Product of that encounter, enriched later on with the migrations of black people, Asian and European, the Peruvian man born, representative of a nation whose ethnic wealth constitutes one of the most important characteristics.

EXTENSION

With 1.285.215 km2, Peru is third country of more extension in South America, after Brazil and Argentina, being located this way among the 20 more extensive countries of the planet. It possesses, also, 200 marine miles and territorial rights on a surface of 60 million hectares in the Antártida. Peru is divided in 24 departments, plus the Constitutional County of the Callao. The capital of the country is Lima.

GOVERNMENT

The Peru is a democratic republic. The President and the members of the Congress are chosen every five years by universal voting. The current Constitutional President of Peru is the Dr. Alan Garcia Pérez (2006-2011).

RELIGION

Catholic religion: 89 evangelical%: 7% other Religions: 6% Peru is by nature a believing town: the diversity of beliefs and the cult freedom are manifested in a variety of parties and rituals that pick up the Catholic fervour so much, it leaves of the Spanish inheritance, as the mysticism of the millennial prehispanic cultures.